Dental Hygiene Services
Dental hygiene treatment includes professional cleaning of the teeth and showing our patients the best way to keep their teeth free of plaque. Screening for gum disease forms an integral part of your routine examination
What is gum disease?
Gum disease affects the gums and bone that support your teeth. It is caused by sticky plaque and hard deposits of tartar. Plaque is a film of bacteria which forms on the surface of the teeth and gums every day. Many of the bacteria in plaque are completely harmless, but there are some that have been shown to be the main cause of gum disease. To prevent and treat gum disease, you need to make sure you remove all the plaque by thorough brushing and flossing every day.Thorough brushing will help remove plaque whilst professional scaling and polishing will remove the hard tartar. Without regular cleaning, the gum will detach from the tooth, forming pockets where food and plaque can collect. Pockets are more difficult to keep clean so gum disease will usually get worse if nothing is done.
Gum Disease has two stages
- It starts with inflammation — redness and swelling, which is called Gingivitis. The swollen gums often bleed during brushing or eating. This can be cured with good oral hygiene.
- The next stage is called Periodontitis. Some of the bone that supports the teeth is lost and the teeth become loose until they eventually have to be taken out. Periodontitis cannot be reversed once it starts but it doesn’t have to get worse if you clean your teeth properly and have regular treatments from your dentist or hygienist.
With support, advice and treatment from our dental hygienist and dentists and a robust cleaning regime your gum issues can be addressed, controlled and ultimately resolved.